Monday, June 6, 2011

Measles, MR, MMR, MMRV Vaccines


Measles Vaccine (Rouvax)




Generic Names
Brand Names
Measles
Live attenuated measles vaccine
Rouvax
MR
Live attenuated measles rubella vaccine
Not commercially available
MMR
Live attenuated measles mumps rubella vaccine
Priorix
MMRV
Live attenuated measles mumps rubella Varicella  vaccine
Priorix-Tetra

How is it given?



 Measles- intramuscular
MR, MMR, MMRV- subcutaneously, under the skin.

When are they given for the first time?
                Measles is given at 9 months but 6 months is the earliest possible time.
                MR is measles and rubella (German measles). It’s given at 9 months.
                MMR is measles, mumps and rubella. It’s given at least 12 months old.
                MMRV is measles, mumps, rubella and varicella (chicken pox). It’s given at 12 months old.

MMR Vaccine (Priorix )
Does my kid need all these?
No. He doesn’t have to get all of those in one go.This is the schedule:
Health Center:
Get the free measles vaccine or MR vaccine whichever is available at 9 months then have it boosted at 12- 18 months with free MR or MMR (Boosters are subject to availability and knowledge of the health center personnel. Exceptional cases are if you know the midwives or health center doctor. Sometimes you need to wait for the next outbreak before free boosters are given.)
Or
 At your private pediatrician's clinic:
Get measles at 9 months then boost it with MMR or MMRV at 12-18 months whichever you can afford. Then boost it again at 4-7 years old with MMR or MMRV and the final boost at 11-12 years old with MMR only.
 Or
You can skip the 9 months measles vaccine and go right ahead at 12 months with MMR or MMRV and the boosters at 4-7 and 11-12 years old.  The problem with skipping the 9 months measles vaccine is if there is an outbreak that you do not know of. Your baby might get it.

MMRV Vaccine (Priorix-Tetra)

Does my kid really need booster shots?
Yes. Because lifelong protection takes off on the second dose and is completed at the final boost.
I suggest to politely ask the midwives or health center doctor for booster shots. Because it’s not routinely given(in the Philippines).
What are their common vaccine complications?
                Fever, pain on the site, mild rashes, rarely, swelling of the glands.

Tigdas is a Related Link you can check out.

Frequently Asked Questions about measles amd MMR Vaccine is also a Related link you can check out.